Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Peternakan (Jipper) Is  an open-access, peer-reviewed and scholary journal which aims to provide an excellent media for researchers, academicians, and practitioners to express their critical and fresh ideas to promote the theoretical and practical development of agricultural and livestock sectors. Jipper welcomes submissions of empirical research article, review article,  case study, report and book review in the fields of agriculture and livestock.